Healthy pregnancy possible with gestational diabetes, says physician

BEHRAMPORE
22 Apr 2018

Gestational diabetes is a common condition that develops during pregnancy and affects about 5 million pregnant women in India. In this condition, the body cannot make and use all the insulin needed during pregnancy. In the absence of sufficient insulin, glucose cannot leave the blood and get converted to energy. A buildup of glucose in the blood over time can cause hyperglycemia. Women with risk factors such as a body mass index above 30 kg/m2, gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy, or a family history of diabetes, must get their blood sugar levels checked on a routine basis.
According to Dr Kalyan Mitra, Consultant Physician, “Effective management of the condition and insulin therapy, in some cases, can help in preventing complications. It is also imperative for pregnant women with diabetes to take insulin injections regularly. Those planning to conceive should stop oral diabetes medication a month before conception, in consultation with their doctor.”
Some common symptoms of gestational diabetes include unusual thirst, frequent urination, nausea, fatigue, dry mouth, frequent vaginal, bladder and skin infections, and blurred vision. Most women with this condition can have a healthy pregnancy and babies. However, it can cause complications such as premature birth, pre-eclampsia, or even still birth in some women and increase the risk of Type 2 diabetes in later years. (EOIC)